Intel Next Generation CPU’s to Contain 100 Million Transistors Per Square Millimeter

Image Source: Intel
INTEL Vs AMD

It’s not only in recent years that Intel and AMD challenge each other to see who has the best and fastest processor, it’s been happening for a long time. Each company strives to release higher quality processors than both themselves and their competitor have ever released before.

In general, this is measured by the number of transistor in the chip.  Typically, a very well-known principle known as Moore’s Law, states that every two years the number of transistors within the chip doubles. This law was named after Intel and Fairchild founder Gordon Moore, who in 1965 first predicted the transistor increase and then came to the 2 year conclusion.

This may have been true up until today, but due to the small size of transistors, this law is starting to be surpassed.

100 MILLION TRANSISTORS – EXCEEDING MOORE’s LAW

Intel surprised the market in a recent technology and manufacturing day that was held in San Francisco. In this event, Intel claimed that not only were they maintaining Moore’s Law, but that they’re actually overcoming it. This is thanks to Intel’s hyperscaling process. With this technology, Intel will be able to fit in 100 million transistors per square millimeter, whereas they were only able to fit in 37.5 million in their last technology.

Graphs showing the relationship between the year the technology was released with either performance or capacitance. Image source: Intel.

This means they’re able to increase their profit by 40%. As well as the increase in profit, this new process will either deliver 15% more performance with the same amount of energy, or it will be able to deliver the same performance with 30% less energy required. This was achieved even though Intel did not reduce the number of transistors that were made with the 10nm technology.

Intel also suggested that the way transistors count on microprocessors must change to the count of transistor divided by the cell area,  with NAND cells and scan flip-flops counting respectively for 60 and 40 percent. Alongside this achievement, Intel is also increasing the number of cores in its processors. It is expected that in a short time it will release its 6 core processor in its main lines.

AMD IS PLANNING A BIG UPSET?

On the other side of the competition, speculation has arisen that AMD is preparing a new entry-level chip named Ryzen Threadripper with 16 cores and 32 threads. At 4.8 billion transistors, it contains much more than Intel’s 3.4 billion. Despite this large difference in transistor quantity, it’s still using the 14nm technology whereas Intel is already using 10nm technology.

With all of the advances in this industry, AMD and Intel are struggling to consistently stay ahead of each other in their popularity. While it’s very hard to know what lies in the future in terms of which company is going to progress the fastest, what can be said is that the constant competition pushing both companies to outperform each other will result in significant advances in the CPU industry.

Regardless of which company comes out on top, it’s the consumer that’s going to benefit from more efficient and cheaper devices.

Source Forbes

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