Artificial intelligence (AI) is becoming more and more important for the society. A lot of research is going on in this field. This has resulted in many new technologies implementing AI such as Google translate neural machine translation (NMT) deep learning system technology.
AI is a field of study that tries to emulate human intelligence and human decision, making processes through a computer. This means that problem solving, machine learning, neural networks and genetic algorithms are some of the most popular techniques used in order to implement AI in real world systems.
Is AI Robust Enough For The Real World ?
Among the new applications, one that brings ethical concerns is its use in criminal justice. The case data would be inserted into system and the decision taken would be based on the pattern identified.
In a recent study, comparing the results of the system developed by University College of London and the decision of the European Court of Human Rights in cases of torture, degrading treatment, and privacy, a mark of near 80% of equal results was reached.
It is postulated that in the future, a computer would be able to judge people. Some researchers criticize that a judgment takes into consideration many more things than a machine would be able to perceive. Others say that it would not be possible to determine what were the components used by the computer to determine the sentence.
Many of the ethical problems in using AI are discussed in the book “The weapon of math destruction”, by Cathy O´Neil.
Crisis Management using Artificial Intelligence
Other field in which the use of artificial intelligence has a prominent future is emergency response. The Qatar Computing Research Institute, for example, is developing a software using AI to better allocate volunteers during a disaster.
The same institution is developing a cable system to identify tweets related to some particular crises. This would help the emergency response coordinators to be better informed about what is happening and then give the appropriate response.
These technologies have already been successful in an experimental way in Nepal. So we can expect an increase in the use of these tools in the future.
The technology is supposed to reduce car accidents, as computers tend not to get distracted and not to be as imprudent as human drivers. On the other hand, it is also raises ethical issues.
For example, if the car has to choose between crashing into a wall or hitting a pedestrian; what should it do? This is not that clear but researchers at MIT are trying to figure it out.
AI in Medicine and Health
AI will have a great impact on our health too. For example, AI will help create artificial prosthetics to behave as natural ones, providing a much better experience for the users. AI will be useful for assistance in diagnosis as well.
The technology enables us to see patterns that are not always clear to humans. Also, it has the ability to compare a test with millions of medical registers. This could give a reasonable diagnostic or, at least, some hints to our doctors.
Some trials in Mexico have already been conducted. Even giant tech companies, such as IBM, are working in AI driven diagnostics. Watson has even succeeded in diagnosing a case of leukemia when Japanese doctors could not figure it out.
IBM recently in its ‘5 in 5’ technological predictions for 2022 says,“Lab on a chip’ smart medical devices will serve as health detectives – tracking bodily functions to let us know if we need a doctor’s appointment”.
Technology Replacing Manpower
On the downside of this technology, besides the ethical issues, we have a work-force problem. As machines with AI assume more and more functions, they could eventually replace human workforce.
However, one believes that, at some point, this will end up finding some kind of equilibrium. For instance, AI could be perhaps the solution for the demographic challenge, especially in developed economies.
These are only few prominent examples of what lies in store when we talk about artificial intelligence. There is much more to come and it could hugely help humanity to deal with its problems.
The only question is,
Are we ready for this strange new future?